Monday, 18 January 2016

What’s New in Medicine?

What’s New in Medicine? The CDC has issued a level 2 Zika Travel Alert and advised pregnant women in any trimester to consider postponing travel to 14 countries and territories in South and Central America and the Caribbean where mosquitos are spreading the Zika virus. The CDC also advises women who are thinking about becoming pregnant to consult with their physician before traveling to these areas, and if they do, follow strict precautions to avoid mosquito bites.
James E. Sharman, BHMS, PhD, from the University of Tasmania, and colleagues report in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine that scanning home BP monitoring data can help physicians to determine which patients have uncontrolled BP. They observed that having three or more of the last 10 home systolic blood pressure readings 135 mm Hg or higher was the best predictor of 24-hour ABP systolic blood pressure above treatment or target threshold.
A study from Malaysia reported online in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases has implicated occupational exposure to textile dust as a trigger for rheumatoid arthritis. Exposure to textile dust among women in Malaysia increased the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis by 3-folds and the increased risk was seen for both seropositive and seronegative disease.
Eating a diet higher in nitrate and green leafy vegetables lowers the risk for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), report Jae H. Kang, ScD, from Brigham & Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts, and colleagues in JAMA Ophthalmology.
Psychosocial function and inability to cope with stress may increase risk of type 2 diabetes in young men. A study from Sweden reported in the journal Diabetologia says that 18-year-old males with low resistance to stress were 50% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes in their 40s than their counterparts who were resilient to stress.
According to a new study reported in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, physicians should exercise caution in acquiring as well as interpreting duodenal bulb biopsies to diagnose celiac disease in children. The study found that 45% of bulb specimens were not adequate for morphometric measurement while some samples from children without celiac disease had celiac-type pathology.

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