Common Summer Illness in Children New Delhi, May 24, 2016: With the temperatures rising about 40 degrees Celsius, children are most likely to get affected with common summer illnesses like sore throat, cold, fever etc. However, if the right precautions are taken, most of these illnesses can be prevented. During the summer months, children are typically off from school and have a lot of free time on their hands. With their parents working, their health is often ignored. It is important that children drink adequate glasses of water during the heat, not step out when the temperature is at its peak and get enough rest. Speaking about ways in which summer illnesses can be prevented in children, Padma Shri Awardee Dr KK Aggarwal – Honorary Secretary General IMA & President HCFI said, “Taking necessary precautions to keep your child healthy and safe during the summer months is crucial. It is important to ensure that they get the necessary intake of fluids and nutrients. Extra care must also be taken to prevent dehydration, heat exhaustion and heart strokes.” Here are some of the common summer illnesses that can be observed in children. Sunstrokes – are common during the summer months and happen because of the body’s inability to cool itself. It is extremely important to drink plenty of water to avoid sunstrokes. People suffering from heat strokes’ often have high fever and have exhaustion spells. Boils- The body heat most often erupts in the form of boils on different parts of the body. Take proper and professional advice in this case. Allergy –dust and heat allergies are common during the summer months Water Borne Diseases like cholera, typhoid, jaundice and diarrhoea are commonly seen especially among those who are used to eating outdoors. This is because food left in the open gets spoilt easily in the summer months. Also with the increased demand of water during the summer, the authorities are often forced to deliver water which contains excess impurities often causing illnesses amongst the users. Food Borne Diseases - Bacteria thrive in warm, and moist environment and so food poisoning and occurrence of diseases due to food infection is more during summer days. Mosquito-Borne Diseases - Accumulation of water here and there generates the number of mosquitoes and hence dengue, malaria and other diseases caused by mosquito bite are commonly seen. Tips for Preventing Summer Illnesses in Children • Avoid giving cut fruits and food items from roadside vendors to your children. • Also avoid cooking spicy and fried food items since they are heavy on ones stomach. Instead healthy and light food items including fresh fruits, green vegetables and fresh fruit juices should be consumed. • Encourage your children to increase their intake of water even when they are not thirsty to avoid dehydration • Give children lemon juice, coconut water and other natural fluids to help in hydrating from within • Make your child wear light weighted and loose fitting clothes preferably made of natural fibres. • Exercise with your kids early in the morning or late evening to avoid over exhaustion.