Conduct disorder: a mounting concern among youngsters today
Exposure to violence through various media can aggravate aggressive behavior
Conduct disorder refers to a mental health condition defined by behavior that violates the rights of others, or social norms. Teenagers have the tendency to take more risks than their adult counterparts. This is because of hormonal changes, poor impulse control, and also because seeking external stimulation is a biological need for them at that age.
Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee Dr K K Aggarwal, National President Indian Medical Association (IMA) and President Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI) and Dr RN Tandon – Honorary Secretary General IMA in a joint statement, said, “It is both shocking and sad to know that a 16-year-old boy was behind the killing of a young child. While the reason behind the crime was to avert examinations and a PTM, the situation also hints at a larger issue – that of an increased exposure to aggression through social media, television, video games, and even real life. Aggressive behavior is reinforced for a child at every point today, be it at home, school, or other areas. The message that is conveyed is violence and shouting can get things done faster and better. The fact that youngsters are in the prime of risk taking behavior adds fuel to the fire. This is a serious issue and a possible precursor to behavioral and mental problems that may develop in a person later in life. Violence in media today is a stimulus for physiological arousal, cruel thoughts, and aggressive behaviour. They trivialize violence and brutality, and make winning imperative to boost self-esteem. This makes youngsters go to any lengths to get what they want.”
Studies indicate that watching violent content reduces pro-social behaviour in children and young adults. Other situations such as stressful family, parents who fight constantly, and other such issues can make them more hostile and socially alienated.
Adding further, Dr Aggarwal, said, “While external cannot be curtailed entirely, what can be done is managing the situation at home. Parents need to serve as positive role models for children. Increasing number of nuclear families are reducing the interaction children have with their peers. Demanding jobs, the need to see their only child happy, and other factors make them fulfil all demands of their children. Vigilance is the key. Parents need to understand that their kids need their time. They should understand what is bothering their child. Ensuring these can help children grow into emotionally secure human beings.”
Here are some tips to prevent aggressive behavior in children.
- Set limits and be firm and consistent about them.
- Act when you notice the very first signs of aggressive behavior.
- Encourage your child to express their feelings and talk about them.
- Avoid encouraging aggression as a sign of toughness, especially in boys.
- Control your own temper. And remember that hitting the child will only serve as a bad example.