Thursday, 3 March 2016

Sleep deprivation and heart disease

Sleep deprivation and heart disease New Delhi, March 02, 2016: Both sleep deprivation and sleep apnea have been linked to a higher risk of heart disease. Over time, inadequate or poor quality sleep can increase the risk of heart disease. Short–term sleep deprivation is linked with high cholesterol, high triglycerides and high blood pressure. Sleep apnea makes people temporarily stop breathing many times during the night. Up to 83% of people with heart disease also have sleep apnea. People who are sleep deprived have slower metabolism and more difficulty losing weight. They also have the effect of not wanting to exercise or participate in other healthy habits Poor sleep also appears to increase the amount of certain substances in your body, such as C-reactive protein, that indicate inflammation is a problem. So, inflammation, which is how the body responds to injury, infection or disease, may be part of the reason poor sleep affects your cardiovascular system. Poor sleep also causes the body to produce more stress hormones, which may contribute to cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, sometimes symptoms related to cardiovascular disease can be a cause of poor sleep. Conditions that may disrupt your sleep include angina, arrhythmias and fluid buildup in lungs due to heart failure Speaking about the same, Dr SS Agarwal, National President IMA & Padma Shri Awardee Dr KK Aggarwal, President HCFI and Honorary Secretary General IMA said, “Sleep is essential for a healthy heart. People who don't sleep enough are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease—regardless of age, weight, smoking and exercise habits. People who get seven to eight hours of sleep have more alertness and better focus. They have less depression and anxiety. Getting a good night’s sleep has a positive impact on your metabolism and weight loss benefits”. How to improve your sleep habits • Exercise: Try getting adequate exercise. It is important to get 30 - 40 minutes of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise at least three to four times per week for good health. • Avoid excess caffeine: Avoid excess stimulants, such as caffeine, particularly before bed as they may keep you awake. • Establish an evening routine: Have an evening routine of preparing for bed that includes turning off electronic devices and having soothing activities are recommended • Reduce stress – Stress is a key contributor to sleep deprivation. Yoga, deep breathing, meditation and other relaxing techniques can help induce better sleep

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